Family Therapy: An Orthopedagogic Perspective

Kotze, Elmarie

Translation (2010)  [EDITED July 2023] of Gesinsterapie vanuit ortopedagogiese perspektief. Unpublished , University or Pretoria. Sponsor: Prof. P. A. van Niekerk; co-sponsor: Prof. G. Rademeyer. CONTENTS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTORY ORIENTATION AND STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Family therapy 1.2 Brief overview of the rise and development of family therapy 1.3 Approaches to family therapy 1.4 The family therapeutic approach to the symptom 1.5 The aim of family therapy 1.6 The family and society 1.7 The therapeutic unity 1.8 Family therapy versus individual therapy 1.9 Family and education 1.10 The task and terrain of orthopedagogics 2. PROBLEM FORMULATION 3. PLAN AND AIM OF STUDY 4. METHOD OF RESEARCH 5. REFERENCES CHAPTER II THE STRUCTURAL APPROACH OF SALVADOR MINUCHIN 1. INTRODUCTION 2. ESSENCES OF MINUCHIN’S STRUCTURAL APPROACH 3. THERAPEUTIC PROCESS 3.1 The therapist joining the family 3.2 Identifying and evaluating the family structure 3.2.1 Introduction 3.2.2 Areas and aspects of importance for family diagnostics 3.2.3 Mapping 3.2.4 Stumbling blocks during diagnostics 3.3 Restructuring the family 3.3.1 Introduction 3.3.2 Aim of restructuring 3.3.3 Investigating the symptom 3.3.4 Investigating the family structure 3.3.5 Investigating the family reality 4. REFERENCES CHAPTER III THE STRATEGIC APPROACH OF JAY HALEY 1. INTRODUCTION 2. ESSENCES OF THE STRATEGIC APPROACH 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Communication and metacommunication 2.3 Control of defining the relationship 2.4 Hierarchies and triads 2.5 Sequence of interactions 2.6 The dysfunctional family 2.7 The meaning of the symptom 3. THE STRATEGIC APPROACH TO DIAGNOSTICS 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Social stage 3.3 Problem identification stage 3.4 Interactional phase 3.5 Formulating an aim and entering a contract 4. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Tasks and assignments (directives) 4.3 Paradoxical interventions 5. REFERENCES CHAPTER IV THE PARADOX AND COUNTERPARADOX APPROACH OF MARA SELVINI PALAZZOLI 1. INTRODUCTION 2. ESSENCES OF THE APPROACH OF THE MILAN GROUP 3. METHODS OF THE MILAN GROUP 4. FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS 4.1 Stating hypotheses in family diagnostics 4.2 Circular questioning 4.3 Neutrality 5. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS 5.1 Positive connotation and paradoxical intervention 5.2 Other techniques 6. SUMMARY 7. REFERENCES CHAPTER V FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS AND FAMILY THERAPY AS ORTHOPEDAGOGIC DIAGNOSTICS AND PROVIDING HELP 1. FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS 1.1 The role of observing in family diagnostics 1.2 Family structure 1.2.1 Introduction 1.2.2 Hierarchy 1.2.3 Distance between family members 1.2.4 Lifecycle of the family 1.2.5 Synthesis 2. ORTHOPEDAGOGIC DIAGNOSTICS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Orthopedagogic diagnostics 3. FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS AS ORTHOPEDAGOGIC DIAGNOSTICS 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Family dynamic 3.3 The connection between the miscarriage of the educative relationship in the family and the particular hierarchy of the family structure 3.3.1 Observing as medium for determining the family structure 3.3.2 Essences of the educative relationship of authority 3.3.3 Interpretation of the event 3.4 The connection between the failure of trust and understanding and the distance-structure of the family 3.4.1 Introduction 3.4.2 The essence of understanding 3.4.3 The essence of trust 3.5 The relationship between the failure of the pedagogic sequence structures and the family dynamic 4. FAMILY THERAPY AS THERAPY FOR ELIMINATING THE DISHARMONIOUS DYNAMIC OF EDUCATING 4.1 Family therapy as changing meaning 5. REFERENCES CHAPTER VI AN EXAMPLE OF FAMILY THERAPY FOR ELIMINATING A DISHARMONIOUS DYNAMIC OF EDUCATING 1. FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS 1.1 Identifying particulars 1.2 Statement of the problem 1.3 Family dynamic 1.3.1 First conversation 1.3.2 Second session 1.3.3 Third session 1.3.4 Fourth session 1.3.5 Follow-up conversation 2. VERIFICATION OF THE FAMILY DIAGNOSTICS BY MEANS OF ORTHOPEDAGOGIC MEDIA 2.1 Intellectual ability 2.2 Unfavorable meanings 2.3 Summary 3. REFERENCES CHAPTER VII SUMMARY, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1. SUMMARY 2. FINDINGS 3. RECOMMENDATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY SUMMARY